China Fur Animal Species Farming & Management (3)
Section 3.China’s protection of fur animal species and its standardized management
China’s protection of fur animal species has been gradually enhanced along with China’s protection of all wild animals. As early as 1950, the central government issued the 《Law on the Protection of Rare Flora & Fauna》. In 1962, the State Council put forward a policy dealing with “strengthening resources conservation, actively promoting animal domestication and breeding, and hunting and utilizing with restraint”. Meanwhile, the Chinese government’s policy on fur animal species involved planned hunting, acquisition of pelts, and exports, while beginning the farming of fur animal species and actively exploring a way for sustainable utilization of fur animal species. On November 8, 1988, the fourth meeting of the Seventh National People's Congress Standing Committee adopted the《Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife》, marking the beginning of China’s standardized and legalized approach to promote wildlife conservation, indicating that the protection and standardized management of the use of fur animal species has been reinforced.
1. In 1988 the State Council approved the 《List of wildlife under special state protection》, which included sable, otter and many other wild fur species. In 2000, the State Forestry Administration of P.R. China issued the《List of valuable or important Terrestrial Wild Animals with scientific values under State protection》, which included fox, raccoon, ferret, etc, and covered almost all species of fur animals. These lists indicate that fur animals were beginning to receive strict state protection under the Chinese law system.
2. In 2004, the State Forestry Administration P.R. China issued a 《Guidance for the Sustainable Development of Wild Fauna and Flora 》, which specifically bans or severely restricts the hunting of wild resources for direct commercial purpose, thus strengthening the protection of wildlife, including fur animal species, with unprecedented power.
3. Along with the continuous strengthening of supervision and law enforcement in China’s wild animal protection, a law enforcement system consisting of the forestry police, wild animal protection administrative departments (as the main force), and departments of industry and commerce, customs, and other related law enforcement departments as the supplementary forces was established. A series of specific inspections and law enforcement activities was carried out on a regular basis, resulting in a noticeable decrease in the once rampant illegal poaching of China’s protected wild animals.
4. The China Wild Animal Protection Association established a Wild Animal Breeding and Farming Committee, while the China Leather Industry Association established a Fur Subcommittee. The two committees have played an important role in coordinating and regulating fur animal farming and the processing industry and have contributed to its healthy development.
To address problems such as outdated equipment and outmoded technical approaches that have been exposed during the rapid development of the fur animal farming industry, the State Forestry Administration of China issued the specific 《Blue Fox Breeding and Management Techniques》in 1998, the《Common technical standard of terrestrial mammal farm》in 1999 and the《Regulation on Technical Management of Breeding, Keeping and Housing of Fur Animal Species》in 2005. The above technical regulations have contributed to the strengthening and improvement of fur animal farming conditions and technology requirements through setting a series of standardized management requirements in accordance with prevailing international standards for fur animal farm construction, feeding and breeding management, health and disease prevention, harvesting and pelting methods, fur animal archiving management, animal welfare and technical services, etc.
In 2006, the State Forestry Administration, together with provincial forestry administrative departments and more than 100 major businesses in the fur animal breeding, farming and processing areas, held a deployment seminar in terms of the implementation of the Regulations in Dalian in 2006. Since that year, the Wild Animal Breeding and Farming Committee under the China Wild Animal Protection Association, appointed by the State Forestry Administration, has held six technical training sessions for more than 500 key fur animal breeding and farming enterprises nationwide. The 《Regulation on Technical Management of Breeding, Keeping and Housing of Fur Animal Species》 have been promoted and publicized through the State Forestry Administration’s website and various publications. Meanwhile, key fur species production provinces have carried out corresponding technical training sessions in accordance with their individual regional business characteristics, resulting in a noticeable improvement in farming conditions and technical services of farmed fur animals. In 2008, an expert team, organized by the State Forestry Administration, conducted an inspection and evaluation session for a group of farming and breeding, pelt skinning and technical services enterprises.
5. A fur and fur product recognition mark management system has been adopted. In 2007, the State Forestry Administration chose one fur animal farming and processing enterprise to begin its test on the implementation of the recognition mark. Experiences gained through the tests will be used to further promote the standardized fur and fur products recognition mark management system.
Through efforts of the above, China has successfully strengthened its protection and administration of fur animal species resources, its fur animal species farming and breeding technologies, and conditions have been gradually improved, resulting in fundamental changes as compared to the former outdated equipment and lagging technologies widely seen in the industry.